Life is complex and multi-dimensional. Vedic Astrology intends to address the complexities and reveal the various dimension of human life in astrological way. Various Lagnas, Varga Charts or divisional charts, Dasha systems etc are nothing but a way to know the complexed human life and understand the manifested and hidden dimensions of life.
But some insincere astrologers take the provision of various Ascendants, Divisional charts, Dasha Systems in Vedic Astrology very casually and due to their ignorance and incapability to understand the very purpose of these provisions, they jump to say in temptation that Vedic Hindu Astrology is confusing and is mess of theories & Principles. While reality is different. If we understand the purpose of inclusion of these, we will feel highly indebted to its originators.
Merely Rashi Chart cannot reveal all aspects of life. For example, if there is need of considering educational prospect of a native, all related factors required to bring under scanner . Education is not an independent thing that has to come to the native singularly. In the course of his education, several factors would be in force to influence his education. For this, there would be need to understand student’s inclination, approach, inquisitiveness, intelligence, grasping level, memory etc. Besides, there would be need to understand obstacles, competition, companion on the path and environment at home, school/college, society also. Thereafter, his performance and success in education can be assessed. Hence, to take account of all such factors there should be different-different tools – Lagna Chart alone will not give entire picture. Various Lagnas, Charts, Dasha Systems etc are few tools which are used to consider all factors and arrive at a definite conclusion.
Maharshi Parashar has advocated to use Varga Chart in addition to other tools to understand the particular aspect of life. For example if there is need of knowing all about of life partner from a horoscope of other partner, what is way of knowing it, because ‘all about of life partner’ covers various aspects and will birth (D-1) chart only be capable to indicate satisfactorily? No doubt Planets (as per Bhava Karaka, Sthir Karaka and Char karaka), Signs (as per elements, Quality and Polarity) and Houses (as per Kendra, Trikon, Trik, Upachaya, Panaphara and Apoklim) of Natal chart reveal the same in broad way but it finds expression if the matter is studied alongwith respective lagna, planet, divisional chart etc. In case of life partner, 7th house in D-1 shows approach towards relationship, 7th house in D-9 indicates traits and character of partner & 7th from Venus distance from the location of partner, Upapada gives hints of type of marriage, Upapada Lord stands for status of wife, 7th from Upapada may reveal impediments in marriage, Al from UL meeting place of partners, 2nd and 8th from UL determins the longevity of marriage, Sexual desire is expressed by Saptamarudha, Venus gives native an opportunity to experience the relationship. Thus, we see that the concept of Divisional Charts & others in Parashari & Jaimini System are how much essential.
Parashara had mentioned about 16 Vargas. Each Varga has 12 houses. Therefore, Shodash Varga Chart will give us 192 (16 x 12) bhavas representing variety of aspects of human life. Varga Charts indicate Promise, Potential Resource, and materialization of an event. Resource is indicated by a particular bhava -bhavesha, occupant and other associated planets with the bhava. Potentiality is determined by their strength, avasthas etc. In other word, if any aspect of life is required to be studied then we will have to consider on a) Bhavas – obtained by concerned D-Chart of Shodashvarga b) Bhava lords – Sign Lords occupying a particular Bhava. c) Karaka of concerned Varga and Bhava. And result of such assessed promise will be experienced by the native at the time of operation Dasha period of concerned planet(s). Result will be delivered as per the resource available (indicated by functional nature of planet, Yoga formed due to accidental placement and other influence, planetary strength in Shadabala, Vimshopaka Bala and Ashtakvarga Bala) in the horoscope.
Shodas Vargas have been classified in the following four groups:
a) Shadvarga: Rashi Chart (D-1), Hora Chart (D-2), Dreshkona Chart (D-3), Navamsha Chart (D-9), Dwadashamsha Chart (D-12) and Trishamsha Chart (D-30). Shadvarga is important because 15 points out of 20 points of Vimsopaka Bala fall in this classification. f planet is in 2,3,4,5 or 6 good vargas (exaltation, moolatrikona, own, friendly signs, or a sign that is owned by a planet ruling an angle (1,4,7,10) from the arudha, then it is called kimshuka, vyanjana, chaamara, chatra, kundala.
b) Saptavarga: Shadvarga and Saptamamsha Chart (D-7). If in good vargas in all seven, it is called Mukuta.
c) Dashavarga: Saptavarga and Dashamsha Chart (D-10), Shodashamsha (Khalamsha) Chart (D16) and Shastiamsha (D-60). Planets in good vargas in this classification are from 2 to 10 vargas: Parijaat, uttam, gopur, simhasan, parvat, devlok, brahmalok, shakravahan, shridham.
d) Shodhasvarga: Dashavarga and Chaturthamsha Chart, Vimshamsha Chart, Chaturvimshamsha Chart, Saptavisamsa (Bhamsha) Chart, Khavedamsha Chart and Akshavedamsha Chart. Planets in 2 to 16 good vargas: (according to BPHS) Bhedaka, kusuma, naga pushpa, kanduka, kerala, Kalpavriksha, chandanvana, poornachandra, uchcheshrava, dhanvantari, suryakaanta, vidruma, shakra simhasana, gauloka and shrivallabha.